Day 2 :
University of Minnesota Duluth, USA
Keynote: Comprehensive study of dynamic behavior of nonlinear dispersive quantum-cascade lasing medium under different cavity configurations
Time : 9:30-10:15
Jing Bai is a tenured Associate Professor and the Director of Graduate Studies in Department of Electrical Engineering at the University of Minnesota Duluth (UMD), where she started as an Assistant Professor in August 2007. She has received her PhD Degree in Electrical and Computer Engineering at Georgia Institute of Technology in 2007. Her current research activities focus on nanoscale optoelectronic and photovoltaic devices, biomedical devices and nonlinear optics. Her research is supported by grants from the National Science Foundation (NSF), the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research, the Graduate School of University of Minnesota, etc. She received the SCSE Young Teacher Award in UMD in 2012. She is a member of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), IEEE Women in Engineering (WIE), the Optical Society of America (OSA), the American Physics Society (APS) and the International Society for Optical Engineering (SPIE).
Since the first demonstration in 1994, quantum-cascade lasers (QCLs) have become one of the most important solid-state mid-infrared (MIR) coherent light sources for various applications in environment sensing, medical diagnosis and free-space communication. The dynamic analysis of MIR QCLs is crucial for QCLs to have reliable performance in these applications. An explicit description of the dynamics of QCLs is inevitably complicated when compared to conventional lasers because of the unique combination of ultrafast carrier scatterings and gain recovery, significant nonlinearities and dispersion effect in a QCL medium. However, the group-velocity dispersion (GVD) has not been explicitly addressed in the study of dynamic behaviors in QCLs. In our study, we carefully examined the effect of GVD on the pulse progression in both time and frequency domains as well as the interplay between GVD and self-phase modulation (SPM) in the cavity. Moreover, we carried out the study for QCLs with both ring and Fabry-Perot (FP) cavities. Comparisons of QCLs’ behaviors in the two types of cavities manifest the influence of spatial-hole burning (SHB) which is only supported in a FP cavity but not a ring cavity. We found out from our simulation that the SPM and GVD have cancellation effects in the time domain. In the frequency domain, they affect the spectrum in different aspects. The anomalous GVD effect excites the symmetric side modes around the central mode. The SPM broadens the line width of each mode, but it does not change the spectral spacing among exited modes. When co-existing in the lasing medium, both GVD and SHB induce side modes, though, through two different mechanisms, i.e., the lasing instability of the former and the gain saturation of standing waves of the later. The pair of modes due to SHB has much closer spectral separation and higher peak intensity than those by GVD.
Hebei University of Technology, China
Keynote: Studies on improving the external quantum efficiency of deep ultraviolet light emitting diodes
Time : 10:15-11:00
Wengang Bi is an elected Fellow of the Optical Society of America (OSA). He has received his PhD from University of California, San Diego, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering in 1997. After devoting his career to forefront research and development at Hewlett Packard Laboratories, Agilent Technologies Inc. and Philips-Lumileds, he is currently working at Hebei University of Technology, Tianjin, China as a distinguished professor and chief scientist in the State Key Laboratory of Reliability and Intelligence of Electrical Equipment. His research interests include GaN-based semiconductor materials and devices, colloidal quantum dots and their applications to lighting and display. He is the Editor of the book - Handbook of GaN Semiconductor Materials and Devices, has published more than 80 papers and holds more than 25 patents. He has served as a member of the technical committee or organizing committee for a number of international conferences.
III-nitride based deep ultraviolet light emitting diodes (DUV LEDs) are promising candidates for replacing conventional mercury DUV light sources due to being environment-friendly. However, the external quantum efficiency (EQE) of the DUV LEDs is pretty low at the current stage, primarily attributed to the low internal quantum efficiency (IQE) and low light extraction efficiency (LEE). Therefore, solving the issues hindering the IQE and the LEE is of importance for advancing the DUV LEDs towards various applications such as in medical, air and water purification, etc. In this talk, we will review the current status and key factors affecting the IQE and LEE of DUV LEDs and present our research on improving both. Examples include proposing a charge inverter made of an electrode-insulator-semiconductor. We will demonstrate the effectiveness of the charge inverter in improving the whole transport and injection from the p-electrode into the p+-GaN layer/LEDs, which in turn will enhance the IQE and the output power. To improve the LEE for DUV LEDs, we propose an inclined sidewall scattering structure imbedded with air cavities that is formed by a metal bottom and a flat parallel top (Bottom-metal) and studied its light extraction properties using three-dimensional finite difference time domain (3D FDTD) simulations. We find that the imbedded air cavity helps the Bottom-metal structured DUV LEDs to scatter the light into the escape cone via total internal reflection and Fresnel scattering, thus avoiding the light absorption from the sidewall metal mirror in the reported inclined sidewall metal structure (Sidewall-metal). In addition, the unique air cavity having a bottom metal also increases the scattering ability of the Bottom-metal structured DUV LEDs owing to the fact that light within the air cavity directing downwards will be reflected back towards the parallel top interface of the air cavity/AlGaN and will not be subject to total internal reflection.
Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, India
Time : 11:20- 12:05
Dalip Singh Mehta is currently a Professor at the Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi. Previously, he worked as Associate Professor and Assistant Professor (June 2002 - Dec. 2012) at Indian Institute of Technology Delhi. Before Joining the Institute he was JSPS Post-Doctoral Fellow, in Japan, Post-Doctoral Fellow National Dong Hwa University, Taiwan, Research Associate, NPL, New Delhi, STA Post-Doctoral Fellow NIRE, Tsukuba, Japan and UNESCO Research Fellow Tokyo Institute of Technology Tokyo, Japan. He has contributed more than 110 research papers in International Refereed Journals, and more than 150 in International and National Conferences. He has delivered more than 45 Invited Talks/Lectures in various International and National Conferences and Universities. He has supervised 13 Ph. D. students and currently supervising 9 Ph. D. students. He has also supervised about 40 M. Tech./B. Tech. students major projects. He received Teaching Excellence Award 2013 from the Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, India.
Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Hong Kong
Time : 12:35-13:05
Chigrinov graduated from Faculty of Applied Mathematics, Moscow Electronics Institute, the Diploma of Engineer - Mathematician (MPhil) in 1973. In 1978, he obtained PhD degree in Solid State Physics (Liquid Crystals) in the Institute of Crystallography , USSR Academy of Sciences. In 1988, he becomes a Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Science and obtained a degree of a Professor in 1998. Since 1973, he was a Senior, Leading Researcher, and then Chief of Department in Organic Intermediates & Dyes Institute (NIOPIK). Since 1996 he was working as a Leading Scientist in the Institute of Crystallography , Russian Academy of Sciences and join HKUST in 1999, as an Associate Professor. He was a coauthor of the first LC materials and devices based on Electrically Controlled Birefringence, Twisted Nematic and Supertwisted Nematic and Ferroelectric LC materials, working at understanding the fundamental aspects of LC physics and technology, including electrooptical effects in liquid crystals and optimization of LC device configurations. Some new LC Electrooptical Modes, such as Orientational Instability in Cholesteric LC, Deformed Helix Effect in Ferroelectric LC, and Total Internal Reflection, Surface Gliding Effect and Surface Induced Orientational Transition in Nematic LC were first described by him and confirmed in experiment. The classification of the Domain Structures in LC was made based on his theoretical predictions and simulation results. Efficient Modeling Universal System of LC Electrooptics software was developed with his direct participation and supervision. He was a coauthor of a pioneering work in LC Photoaligning Technology, which has about 1300 citations in scientific and technical journals. He is an Expert in Flat Panel Technology in Russia, recognized by World Technology Evaluation Centre, 1994, a Senior Member of the Society of Information Display (SID) since 2004 and become a Fellow of SID since Jan 2008. He is a member of Editorial Board of "Liquid Crystals Today" since 1996 and Associate Editor of Journal of SID since 2005. He is an author of 6 books, 15 reviews and book chapters, 281 journal papers, 617 Conference presentations and 112 patents and patent applications, including 28 US Patents in the field of liquid crystals since 1974. 17 PhD students defended their degrees under his supervision. He is a Senior Member of the Society for Information Display (SID) since 10.10.04, SID Fellow since 15.01.08. He has the Research Excellence Award of SENG, HKUST, that recognizes the efforts of an outstanding faculty member with a proven record of research excellence in May 2012, Gold Medal and The Best Award in the Invention & Innovation Awards 2014 held at the Malaysia Technology Expo (MTE) 2014, which was hosted in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, on 20-22 Feb 2014. He is a Member of EU Academy of Sciences (EUAS) ( http://www.interpaper.org ) of distinguished members worldwide since July 2017.He is a Member of International Advisory Committee for Advanced Display Technology Conferences in Russia , Ukraine and Belarus since 1999, European SID Program Committee since 2004, International Advisory Board of International Liquid Crystal Conference since 2006.
Liquid crystal (LC) devices for displays and photonics are dominating in the market and will be the basic technology for advanced display and electronics in the nearest 10 years. Photoalignment materials can be effectively used in LC alignment and patterning for new generations of LC devices that provide extremely high resolution and optical quality of alignment both in glass and plastic substrates, photonics holes etc. New liquid crystal devices include ORW E-paper, field sequential color ferroelectric liquid crystal (FLC) projectors, photo-patterned quantum rods and 100% polarizers, q-plates, sensors, switchable lenses, windows with voltage controllable transparency, security films, switchable antennas
- Laser Theory | Laser Optics | Advancements in Photonics | Quantum Cryptography | Laser Mode Locking | Optical Networking | Nanophotonics and Biophotonics | Laser Diode & Sensors | Application of Laser| Optical Nanomaterials | Future Trends in Laser and Optics
Konstantin A Lyakhov has received his PhD in Theoretical Physics in J.W. Goethe University (Frankfurt) in 2008. His research was focused on polymers and fuel cells simulations. His research interests include Laser Applications, Isotopes Separation, Quantum Computing, Images Recognition, Optimal Control, Vacuum Science and Technology and Applied Plasma Physics.
In this talk I will discuss possibility of implementation of quantum computations by resonant excitation of target isotopologues in the gas flow. Population of quantum states of selectively excited isotopologues can be manipulated by the sequence of laser pulses. For optimal control of excitation level, laser pulses should be specifically shaped. Moreover, their periodicity also plays essential role. Supersonic overcooled gas flow is the best tool for implementation of quantum turing machine, because molecular spectra are well resolved and, therefore, better control over them by laser field can be realized. Decoherence level in ensemble of molecules and clusters, representing gas flow, can be controlled by its rarefaction degree and extension. Evolution of quantum states population is guided by the battery of femtosecond lasers installed along the gas flow direction. Each laser emits laser pulse is of predesigned shape, which is related to some command written for the quantum computer (unitary transformation). The quantum state in the end of gas flow is the result of calculation. If gas flow transition time is not long enough to complete all sequence of required commands, received final state (intermediate solution) is recorded and translated into laser pulse shape, assigned for initialization. Otherwise, initialization laser pulse is step-like with intensity just high enough to excite all isotopologues to the same quantum state. Final quantum state of the gas flow is read by the classical computer by finalizing measurement, which is implemented as following: Once irradiated gas flow feeds spectrometer, where electrons, corresponding to resulting quantum state, are ejected by applied ionizing laser pulse. Obtained electron energy spectra, bearing information of original optical spectrum, are recorded by the network of surrounding electrodes and then amplified. By analog-digital convertor electrical currents induced on electrodes are transformed into digital format for further processing on the classical computer. In order, to diminish unavoidable errors induced by quantum noise, this procedure should be reiterated a number of times, corresponding to desired accuracy level. Design of a new device implementing quantum computations based on overcooled gas flow selective excitation is proposed.
At present, we imagine the physical vacuum as a superfluid quantum medium containing enormous amount of particle-antiparticle pairs arising and annihilating continuously. It is the Bose-Einstein condensate existing at super low temperatures of the cosmic space. OK, let it be so. Then a motion of this cold superfluid quantum medium can be described in the non-relativistic limit by pair of equations - the Navier-Stokes equation and the continuity equation. However, the first equation describes motion of a classical viscous fluid. We need to modify this equation. The modifications concern to the pressure gradient ∇P and to the term incorporating the viscosity of the fluid. The modification of the pressure gradient leads to appearance of the quantum potential, Q, which turns out to be equal to the pressure divided by the density distribution, ρ. Namely, Q=P/ρ. As a result, the above-mentioned pair of equations leads to emerging the Schrodinger equation when defining the wave function in the polar form bearing information about the velocity, v, of the fluid and the density distribution. With regard to the modification of the viscosity, it would seem that, in the first approximation, we could discard it. This is not a good idea. Instead, we suppose
That is, the viscosity coefficient is a parameter fluctuating about zero. It means that there is an energy exchange within this superfluid medium. It is the zero-point energy fluctuations. By multiplying the modified Navier-Stokes equation by the operator curl, we come to the vorticity equation
This equation in the cylindrical coordinate system permits to consider the vortex in its cross-section geometry. Solutions for the vorticity ω and for the angular velocity v are as follows:
Here Γ is the integration constant and ν=μ/ρM is the kinematic viscosity; ρM is the mass density of the superfluid medium, and σ is an arbitrary constant such that the denominators in equation (3) are always positive. The solution (3) is non-decreasing in time and has a non-zero vortex core slightly fluctuating in time. It comes to the Gaussian coherent vortex cloud with time.
Kherson State Maritime Academia, Ukraine
Time : 15:00-15:30
Valentiyn Alekseevitch Nastasenko has scientific interests which include quantum physics, the theory of gravitation, fundamentals of the material world and the birth of the universe and he has authored more than 50 scientific works in these spheres.
A strict definition that the wave parameters of the gravitation field is an actual and important task for understanding the basiсs of material world. Its solution is the main goal of this work. Feature of this scientific work is strict physical-mathematical method of calculation the gravitation field frequency νG, which based on fundamental physical constants: Speed of light in vacuum c, Plank’s constant h and gravitational constant G. This wave characteristic νG is identified with the Plank’s level frequency of oscillation νp:
The found value of νG allows determining its other waves and substantial parameters gravitational field, the main ones being as follows:
The period TG of oscillation wave:
The wavelength λG of the oscillation:
The amplitude AG of the oscillations which within the limits of the restriction of all interactions to the speed of light c at the frequency of oscillation period TG, actually coincides with the wavelength λG:
On the basis of found parameters it is possible to define all the other parameters of gravitation field.